Founder Dr. Harsingh Gaur
(Born: 24 November 1, 25 December 2549)
Harisingh Gaur was born on 26 November 1870 in Shanichari Tauri ward of Sagar (MP).] His grandfather's name was Mansingh, but due to appearance, people used to say Bhura Singh. He came to Garhpatra from Awadh province. From Vandan, who lived in Sagar and started tenancy in a village whose colors were Kshatriya, Gotra Bharwar and Kuri Chanhar Gaur. Mansingh fought the Mughals at the time of the Bundela Rebellion and began to emulate the military instinct in old age. At the age of 84, he left the only son of 30 years, Taktasih, with his military temperament, he attained devotion in a heroic environment.
Har Prasad Singh Gaur's childhood name was Har Prasad Singh Gaur. Father left his police job and started living in Jabalpur with elder brother Aadhar Singh, so Harisingh's Saharamari education was done in Sagar only after doing mother's students. After studying for two years in the Central School, he studied for three years in the Hindi school of Katra, from where to enroll in the district school (now the Municipal High School). Due to sharp acumen, he soon became the favorite of teachers. His teacher used to say that this boy is a tilga of fire, one day he will shine a lot. Harisingh was happy but classmates started teasing him as Tilga.
After the primary, he finished his studies up to the eighth standard and started saying that the school's prize boy. The government accepted 2 conservative student instincts. Passed the middle examination in the first class and went to Government High School Jabalpur on a government scholarship. He has written in his biography that he failed in the matriculation examination - a student of Sagar lived with his mother in Jabalpur and grew closer and he started eating food and stayed together later. One night his gold ring was taken by his partner's mother.
He reported to the police, prosecuted and was honored to testify in court. They started to get upset and even after giving the gagran, their mind remained disturbed for several days, due to which they passed the examination of the matriculation. The scholarship was discontinued, forcing him to return to Sagar. Wandered for 2 years in search of a job in Sagar. In the end, the Engineer of the Department of Public Affairs gave him Rs. 10 a month and his metric pass partner Rs. 20. Asked for metagiri over porters on monthly salary, but they requested for equal pay. His partner got the job but these favors were not ready to do the job with full attitude. 20 for some time Rs. On a monthly salary, he got the job of mess clerk for a month, he had to work every morning from morning to February, due to which he fell ill and lost his job from that job. To see the expenditure of the house ruthlessly, the total accumulated capital of pocket is Rs. 10. With the intention of earning a living, he left the house. Bhai was the deputy registrar at the Judicial Commissioner Court, Nagpur at that time. Harisingh reached out to him and expressed his desire to do something. Brother encouraged to pass the first metric. They sit the matriculation examination and are performing not only in the first class but also across the Phil. 50 rupees The cash prize is a silver watch and Rs. 20. . Scholar was granted. Mathematics was his favorite subject. For which a special gift was received. In the Free Church Institution for Fire Education (now famous as Hislap Kalaaz)
The foundation of progressive academic life of Harisingh's patronage was laid in this college. He was the only student to join English and history, which led to close contact with the professors. As a result, his interest in studying the texts of the educationist Macaulay increased.
His brother Aadhar Singh sent him to Cambridge for the supervision of his son Murli Manohar Singh and for the education of baristry. The sense of humor in his childhood made him an experienced and passionate student and he took away the need to pass all the exams with special eligibility in minimum time. He received a fixed amount from his brother. Hence, he did a Downing College. Started participating in competitions for scholarships in Cambridge. After participating in the Mathematics Competition, all the students and professors besides these had full hope that Harisingh was the first impulse. But the result of this competition was not announced and the scholarship postponement was hanged. The reason for this was not known to Harisingh Gaur at that time. Years later, when he attended a banquet after the LL.D. degree, he was told that the scholarship was not distributed to foreigners, especially black people. Chukin Hari Singh came first in the competition. Therefore, the scholarship was not given to anyone. Participated enthusiastically in English poetry for the second competition Chancellor Award. Stepping sent to the Westward Poetry Competition. He came to know from reliable sources that although his poetry was the best among all the poems, but the judges went on without announcing their votes, again read the earlier declaration on the plea board.
His literary life took place in Cambridge life of Harisingh. He sent his first poem to the then legendary great Lord Tennyson and interviewed him. He encouraged them to focus on studies and to keep practicing. He started getting the compositions published. His works were praised in the then literary journals and his English was appreciated as an Indian. His enthusiasm did not diminish due to scholarship or not appearing in the competition, but when a competition came out from Oxford, the students of Cambridge also made an AC scheme. As a result, Gaura published the book 'Stepping Westward and Other Poems' which made him famous in the literary world and was elected a member of the Royal Society of Literature, and he also became a member of the Writers' Forum, due to his participation in the debate, he was already a student's special testimonial. Had become. In those days Cambridge and Oxford University were considered to be the building lands of future masters of England. Every year there were mutual competitions in the student unions of both the universities where the students 'talent came through the students' union. In 1891, Oxford sent a student representative to Cambridge University. Harrisingh Gaur met him as a contestant on a public platform along with four other students. The result was published in the Cambridge Review. Shri Gaur was declared first among all the speakers. He was also chosen to represent the Cambridge Students Union at Oxford's special invitation. He was again declared first in the Oxford Review. It was time for the general election in England. Morley spoke to the liberal party in the city and Mr. Gaur was elected to propose his thanks to the city. His speech was so powerful that the newspapers of London wrote Gaur as a speaker is a compliment to the government actors. The Pal Mal newspaper appointed him its Cambridge correspondent. Other letters also invited him for cooperation. Request letters from many places started giving speeches. At that time Mr. Dada Bhai Naoroji was in the Rarutriya Liberal Party of England and was impressed by hearing Mr. Gaur's speech on the theme of the liberal party. He invited Mr. Gaur to campaign as his partner. Dada Bhai Nauraji was a candidate from the Central Philosophy area. At that time Mr. Gaurar was considered a good writer and a skilled speaker. As a result, the liberal party declared him as their candidate from a constituency as well, because he was unable to contest the election, he tried very hard to make electricity for Mr. Dada Bhai Naoroji. Time had to be absent. The exam was near. After matriculation, the course of three years was to be read. Although from the examination point of view, Gaur had done the necessary studies, yet he considered it necessary to come first, that the tradition was not broken and there was a strong desire to do double honors. BA Cambridge is considered important in Cambridge. PHD. And D.Phil. Received was honorable with honors. His Honors subjects were Psychology, Ethics, Law Philosophy and Economics. His professors, Mr. Henry Siddhagark and Ulfred Marshall were so impressed by his studies that he jointly recommended to the College Senate that Mr. Gaur fulfill the middle conditions and practices. Should be allowed to sit the exam without doing it. The Senate also gave special permission to Mr. Gaur to appear for the examination. In 1891, he earned an honors degree in philosophy and economics and earned a law degree in 1892. Later in 1905 D. Litt. First degree from London University and then from Trinity College Dublin. In the environment of Cambridge, the literary statue of Shri Gaur was further enhanced by the contact of the then poets and writers. After interviewing Lord Tennyson, he founded the Literary Studies Club, named "Mermaid Club", with the aim of awakening the new literary consciousness and maintaining the atmosphere in his student life. Many famous writers and poets of that time were invited to its seminars. Later, this club became quite famous and many of its members became litterateurs. A play written by Mr. Gaur was played in the Natya Shala of London. This attracted the audience enough. Due to the arrangement of various programs, Mr. Gaur could never participate in sports and other similar competitions even if he wished. After taking the certificate of barristy in 1892 and returned to India.
Meeting Hoshangabad with his elder brother Mr. Aadhar Singh, he directly met Mr. Antony Mcdonald, Chief Commissioner of Central Provinces at Jabalpur, who was impressed by the certificate and literary statue and academic remedies of all three years of work at Cambridge. . By giving long leave to Mr. Gaur, EAC is in stock. Appointed. He was earlier assigned the post and function of Local Court and Revenue Officer. At that time, there were about 300 complicated cases in front of them, which they settled within a year. His methodology and legal qualifications were praised in the official report and he became famous as a qualified and skilled administrator. The four accused in the murder trial, who were awaiting the trial date in the trial court, reached their fame. He sent his mother to Gaur with two thousand rupees. Gaur got into a big dilemma. One more difficult government job, on the other hand two thousand rupees in cash and the assurance of getting the same amount on winning that case. On seeing the file of the suit, he showed the hope of escaping the accused. At that time there was also a debt on these who were unable to repay their 229 rupees per month. In the future, the ambition of earning a lot of money from advocacy forced him to resign from the government job and he quit the job despite the Chief Commissioner's displeasure. This was his first trial in which the case lasted for a week and all the muljitas were sentenced but all the accused were acquitted in the appeal. This success increased both wealth and enthusiasm.
Advocate and jurist
Mr. Harisingh Gaur, a man of exceptional wisdom practiced in cities like Raipur, Nagpur, Calcutta, Lahore, Rangoon etc. During World War II, he also practiced in the Privy Council of England for 04 years. Late Pandit Ravi Shankar Shukla, the former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh was a contemporary of his and practiced in Raipur. Mr. Gaur made Nagpur his place of residence after Raipur. The manner of presenting their cases was vigorous, unique and interesting, when they opposed, the protest was fierce, when the defendants were on the side, they would take every possible measure. This sometimes annoyed the judges. In order to present a civil suit of a zamindar of Raipur, he studied the subject so deeply that in 1902 he published a book called Law of Transfer of Property Act, which led to his being named as a pundit and author of the law. In 1909 his Comparative Discourse Book of the Indian Penal Code was published which was divided into two parts of 3,000 pages. This first book written in the English language from such a comparative perspective on this subject is still considered authentic. Young lawyers start advocating only by purchasing this book. In 1919, he published a book on Hindu law. Dr. Gaur studied Hindu-law deeply. With the little knowledge of his studies, he studied many classical texts and read translations.
After three years of continuous study and efforts, he produced the first draft of his book and revised it again several times. It was only after getting himself satisfied that he started trying to write his commentary. He wanted his book to be useful and complete from the point of view of the students, lawyers and judges. Keeping this in mind, he studied 1,500 books and 7000 cases related to this subject, this book can be called unmatched in Indian legal scriptures.
Dr. Gaur's achievement as a litterateur is no less. There are many directions of his literary work. Novels, poems, autobiographical essays - Many different areas of literature have been influenced by his writings and idols. Dr. Gaur has written three novels, one of which is typical of his only love. Another important book of his is 'Spirit of Buddhism' which presents a serious and elemental study of Buddhist philosophy. This book has gained a lot of recognition in Buddhist countries. When Dr. Gaur went there at the invitation of the Government of Japan, he was honored as the religious teacher there. After this he got the opportunity to travel to other Asian and Eastern countries.
Dr. Gaur wrote a number of articles and essays as a result of extensive excursion, deep study and contemplation, which is compiled in a book called Fact and Fences (Being Studies in Popular Problems). These articles reveal his life-philosophy, scientific beliefs and progressive ideas. Most of these articles have been presented in the form of scientific arguments against the orthodox ideologies, religious superstitions and ignorance. His literary significance gives him lasting importance. Another book of poetry by Dr. Gaur is 'Random Rhymes' which has a collection of new and old poems. With these works, his love of nature, nationalistic outlook and knowledge of dominance over English language. Dr. Gaur's final work is his Atma Katha which he started writing in 1942. Life details have come into this till 23 January 1944.
Dr. Harisingh Gaur contested twice for the seat of the Imperial Council but failed. In 1919, the Legislative Council was created in place of the Council. For the third time for the membership of the Legislative Council, he was elected to the Legislative Council by making a mistake in the nomination letter of his only opponent. He was a member of the council from 1920 to 1935. Here, his personality appeared as a lawmaker and his views on social reform were articulated. He introduced several bills in the council which became law. He quit the membership of the Congress party due to differences in the Congress session of Nagpur. Personally, he had considerable influence in the Council and was considered the leader of the opposing party. The opposing party was named the 'Democratic' party. Today it is held that the tenure of the council formed in 1921 is primarily a history of the success of this Il. By that time, stamps and tickets in India were printed from England. He made a plan and presented it to the council. As a result, a factory was built in Nashik in which all the stamps and tickets were printed. A draft of Act 30 of 1923 was passed and passed according to which inter-caste marriages were possible in Hindu, Sikh Jain, Buddhist sects and a provision was made to secure the rights of such marriages in ancestral property. There was a devadasi system in South India according to which girls of young age were sent to the temple for birth service and there was a great recognition in the religious field. Due to this practice, serious social defects were increasing. Shri Harisingh Gaur proposed and banned the practice, as a result, taking young girls for Devadasi in the temple was considered illegal and punishable under Sections 372 and 373 of Indian Penal Code. In order to organize various institutions of Hindi society, he approved a bill 'Hindu Religious and Charitable Bill Trust'. The proposal to give Indian women the right to advocate was also passed through their efforts. The Children Protection Act also became law by them. The Indian Constituent Assembly was formed in 1946, with its Dr. Dr. Gaur as a prominent member. He contributed significantly in the making of the Indian Constitution. He was Secretary of Raipur District Council for ten years. It was during this period that a large public garden was built there with the efforts of the nature lover Gaur. He also adorned the post of chairman of Nagpur Municipality and did many laudable works to make the city beautiful and clean.
In 1921, the central government established the university in Delhi and Dr. Harisingh Gaur was appointed the first vice-chancellor and held this position till 1924. The history of the early progress of this university reveals the educational statue and administrative experience of Dr. Gaur. After this, Dr. Harisingh Gaur was appointed as Vice Chancellor in Nagpur University twice in 1928 and 1936 and a 25-day conference of 27 universities under the British Empire in England was also held under the chairmanship of Dr. Gaur.
On coming to India from England at the end of the Second World War, Dr. Gaur approached the prominent citizens of Sagar and presented before him the outline of the establishment of the university in Sagar. By rejecting the suggestion of the Government of Madhya Pradesh to establish the university in Jabalpur, Dr. Gaur got the program of Sagar University done in July 1946 without any government assistance and Dr. Harisingh Gaur became the founding Vice Chancellor of Sagar University. On 25 November 1946, the provincial government passed the Sagar University Act.
Dr. Gaur spent a few years of childhood after a couple of years of matriculation and the last time after 1945-46. He had many plans in his mind for the development and prosperity of this city, such as - good station, airport, airport, university, system of technical education, water scheme, etc. Some of them were completed in their lifetime. University work started in the old military barracks in Makronia. With regard to choosing this city for his university, he used to say that the knowledge center, like Cambridge and Oxford University, should be a distance from the state. He started this first university in our province with an amount of 20 lakhs and by his will, donated 2/3 of his property which was about two crores.
Nation poet late Maithilisharan Gupta has rightly said for such educationist and danveer-
सरस्वती-लक्ष्मी दोनों ने दिया तुम्हें सादर जय-पत्र,
साक्षी है हरीसिंह । तुम्हारा ज्ञानदान का अक्षय सत्र।